Gum disease is an infection caused by plaque and bacteria that build up on teeth over time. This plaque and bacteria settles into any nook or cranny around the gum line and begins to irritate the gum tissue. Gums become red and swollen and may even bleed when you brush. Gum disease can affect children, adolescents and adults of any gender who have poor oral hygiene habits. People with systemic diseases and smokers are particularly prone to develop gum disease.
Treating Gum Disease
A periodontist can diagnose and treat gum disease, but every case is different and treated on an individual basis. Many times, the disease is reversible if caught and treated in the early stages. You should have regular cleanings from a dental professional and employ consistent practices at home. Brush and floss at least twice daily as recommended.
Depending on how advanced the disease is, a dental professional may recommend periodontal therapy. There are many forms of this therapy with the end goal always being to restore the gum tissue to a healthy state. The periodontist may use a number of different deep cleaning techniques to remove plaque and tartar from beneath the gum line. They will also want to monitor your oral hygiene routine with regular check-ups to ensure positive results.
Surgery for Gum Disease
Sometimes a surgical procedure may be necessary to treat advanced cases of gum disease, but many times the condition can be treated with less invasive procedures. If you have been told you have gum disease or your teeth bleed when you brush, make an appointment with our office today. We can help you get on the right tract to a beautiful healthy smile.